Google Scholar Database: The academic network isn’t determined on this subject, phoning Google Scholar occasionally a database and sometimes a search engine.
There’s not any general definition of criteria that have to be fulfilled by means of a service to qualify as an instructional, bibliographic or citation database.
While related services such as Web of Science, Scopus, or Medline all announce on their websites their offered services are databases, Google Scholar doesn’t do this, and that is the origin of this dilemma.
Core features of instructional databases are missing in Google Scholar
Google Scholar does not search the whole public net, but restricts it has scope to sources from academic publishers, universities, and instructional repositories. While Scopus and Web of Science have an editorial team which manages a listing of sources that are included in their database.
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Google Scholar adds to its indicator anything that looks to be an educational article, research report, thesis, working paper, or book chapter based on its built-in algorithm. That’s not a bad thing whatsoever and greatly expands the academic world.
Stable document identifier
But there are two important characteristics that databases like Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed and many others all offer and Google Scholar does not. First, a stable record identifier that uniquely identifies a document. That allows to just provide the identifier or a link containing the identifier for other people to retrieve the same information that you have. It’s not guaranteed the exact same search will give exactly the identical result.
The reasons are abundant: your search results might be influenced by your geographical location or your surfing history. Google Scholar is adding a large number of new articles every day, which will definitely alter the results of search success.
No listing Ought to Be removed
Another crucial characteristic of academic databases is that files that have been indexed once aren’t eliminated. Due to the way Google Scholar works it is not guaranteed that the document that you seen now on your outcomes will also appear in future searches. Google Scholar constantly crawls the web for new sources, but also assesses the ones that it’s already added if they’re still present.
If Google Scholar finds that e.g. a working paper that’s already indexed was removed from the university repository and there is no other backup available on the internet, it will also delete it from its search index.
It boils down to the fact that by simply taking the Google Scholar search URL in your browser it’s not guaranteed that launching that URL again will provide the identical result.
Google Scholar is a search engine
Our judgment is that Google Scholar should be referred to as a search search engine just isn’t an instructional database. The most important reason for this decision is the fact that it lacks a stable record identifier and that it is not ensured that a once added document will also be shown in future search results. Have a look at our amazing Google Scholar tutorial if you are interested in all the functions Google Scholar has to offer you.
Frequently Asked Questions about Google Scholar
Google Scholar is a bibliographic search engine rather than a bibliographic database. To be able to be eligible as a database Google Scholar would need to have stable identifiers for its records, and ensure that no records will be eliminated. (Google Scholar Database)
Is Google Scholar an academic source?
No. Google Scholar is an academic search engine, but the records found in Google Scholar are academic resources. (Google Scholar Database)
Is Google Scholar peer-reviewed?
No. Google Scholar collects research papers from all over the internet also including grey literature and non-peer-reviewed papers and reports. (Google Scholar Database)
Are Google Scholar content free?
Google Scholar doesn’t supply any complete text content, but hyperlinks to the entire text article on the writer page, which could be open access or paywalled content. Google Scholar, however, attempts to supply links to free versions of the article e.g. on institutional repositories if possible. (Google Scholar Database)
What’s your Google Scholar Button?
The Google Scholar Button is a browser extension that allows you easily access Google Scholar from any web page. You can install it from the Chrome Webstore. (Google Scholar Database)