In the event you ever have to really feel extra grateful for Earth, simply take a second to ponder a few of the really horrifying exoplanets that lurk exterior our photo voltaic system. Take, for instance, K2-141b, a nightmare “lava planet” the place it rains rock.
A staff of researchers led by York College doctoral scholar Tue Giang Nguyen ran laptop simulations to foretell the situations and climate on the acute planet. K2-141b has the misfortune of being situated near its host star. It is also oriented in order that two-thirds of the planet is locked into blazing-hot perpetual mild whereas the darkish facet stays frigid.
The scientists revealed a study on K2-141b in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. The exoplanet might host a magma ocean reaching 62 miles (100 kilometers) deep, whereas its floor is buffeted by supersonic winds of over 3,100 miles per hour (5,000 kilometers per hour).
“All rocky planets, together with Earth, began off as molten worlds however then quickly cooled and solidified. Lava planets give us a uncommon glimpse at this stage of planetary evolution,” stated planetary scientist Nicolas Cowan in a McGill College assertion on Tuesday.
The pc simulations counsel K2-141b is raining rocks. “On K2-141b, the mineral vapor fashioned by evaporated rock is swept to the frigid evening facet by supersonic winds and rocks ‘rain’ again down right into a magma ocean,” the college stated.
The researchers hope next-generation telescopes likewill have the ability to take a more in-depth have a look at the exoplanet and inform us if the pc simulations are correct.
Even when K2-141b is simply half as hellish as they suppose, it is sufficient to make you wish to hug the Earth and by no means let go.