Update, August 6, 2020 (02:15 PM ET): Today, Google launched the third beta of Android 11. With that release done, we now fully expect the next launch to be the stable one in September. As such, the list below should be pretty final.
Original article: The very first Android 11 Developer Preview landed in the middle of February. Over the past few months, we saw more previews as well as the launch of the second beta, which brought us to the new milestone of Platform Stability.
Related: Hands-on with the Android 11 beta!
By now, we have a pretty comprehensive idea of what the stable version of Android 11 will be like.
Without further ado, here are all the changes and new features we’ve found so far.
New Android 11 features
- Native screen recording: Google has been toying around with adding a built-in screen recorder to Android, and Android 11 pretty much confirms the feature will launch this year. You could use the screen recorder in the first Android 11 preview but it is much more refined in DP2. In the second beta, capturing device audio is now supported, all but assuring us that the stable release will include this long-awaited feature.
- Muting notifications during video: Don’t you hate when you’re filming your dog or your kid and you get a notification? That’s super annoying. Android 11 will let you mute notifications while you’re recording video.
- Increase touch sensitivity: Those who use screen protectors will love this feature. Google added an “increase touch sensitivity” option to the settings menu that lets you, well, increase the sensitivity of your touchscreen. If you use a screen protector, this should result in fewer missed taps and scrolls.
- Notification History: Android doesn’t make it easy for you to see previously dismissed notifications, with Android 10’s Notification Log basically hidden for users. Android 11 DP1 hinted at a Notification History option and DP2 basically confirmed it. The new feature looks like it will be pretty useful.
- Auto revoke app permissions: Android 11 DP3 has introduced a new option to automatically revoke permissions such as camera, location, and more, from apps that haven’t been used for a while. This new setting can be turned on if you think you’re not going to be actively using an app after a few months. You can read more about it here.
- Easter egg: What would a new version of Android be without the traditional Easter egg? The third beta finally brought us the latest secret addition to the operating system. You can see it in full action here.
- Exposure Notification API: Google and Apple worked together in a rare form of solidarity to create the Exposure Notification API. This system allows official health organizations to make contact tracing applications to help stem the spread of COVID-19. In Android 11, the Exposure Notification API is incorporated and turned on automatically.
Updated or revamped features
- Revamped power menu: Android 11 will have a wildly revamped power menu that gives you quick access to smart home controls, your Google Wallet cards, and (obviously) power options.
- Update: This new feature was slightly refined in the latest Android 11 beta 2. Check out the subtle differences here.
- Screenshot markup interface tweaks: If you take a screenshot on your Android phone, there’s a native way for you to mark it up with notes or scribbles. However, there’s no way to delete the screenshot from that interface. That will change in Android 11.
- Revamped overview menu, screenshot shortcuts: In Android 11 Developer Preview 3, Google revamped the overview menu (recent apps screen) to show larger cards as well as two new screenshot shortcuts. However, it also removed the ability to access the app drawer from the overview menu.
- New text selection mode in overview menu: In the fourth Android 11 Developer Preview, Google added a “Select” button to the overview menu. Tapping it allows you to quickly select text inside an app and paste it into another app.
- Undoing recently cleared apps: Speaking of the revamped overview menu, you can now also undo an accidentally cleared app by quickly swiping down on the screen.
- Update: With the fourth Android 11 Developer Preview, Google removed the ability to undo recently cleared apps in the multitasking menu.
- Media players now head to quick settings: If you’re listening to music on your phone, you’re used to finding a media player in your notification shade. In Android 11, the player will move to the quick settings area and get a few more tools, including the ability to easily pick an output device. If you are playing two forms of media at once (music and a podcast, for example), you’ll be able to swipe the notification to swap between the different players.
- Ability to dismiss persistent app notifications: If you’ve ever used Android, you’ve probably run into a persistent notification (one that you can’t easily swipe away). In Android 11 Developer Preview 3, Google lets you clear all notifications. Don’t worry — you can quickly bring persistent notifications back if you swiped them away by accident.
- Update: This feature was removed in Android 11 Developer Preview 4.
- More granular back gesture tweaking: The back gesture can be a little frustrating at times, as you perform a similar gesture to activate hamburger menus. Fortunately, Android 11 has two sliders to let you control the sensitivity of the back gesture — one for the left side of the screen and one for the right. This is a welcome change from the single sensitivity slider in Android 10.
- Airplane mode doesn’t kill Bluetooth: Previously, turning on airplane mode would also kill Bluetooth on your phone, which doesn’t make much sense. People who use airplane mode might have Bluetooth headphones connected, resulting in having to turn on Bluetooth again. In Android 11, Bluetooth stays on when airplane mode is activated.
- Pixel Themes gets clock tweaks: In the Pixel theming section of Settings, you will likely be able to customize how your clock looks on the AOD and lock screen. However, in the first beta, there is only one clock option available.
- Update: This feature was removed in the second beta release.
- New Motion Sense option for Pixel 4: We’ve been complaining for a few months that Google seems to be neglecting Motion Sense on the Pixel 4. In Android 11, the company is adding a new way to control your phone without touching it. In Android 11, you can tap the air above the phone to pause your music.
- Pixel 4 Face Unlock will require you to open your eyes: Speaking of the Pixel 4, it looks like Android 11 will offer users the ability to require their eyes be open for Face Unlock to work. This might make unlocks less efficient, but it will certainly make your phone more secure.
- App pinning in the share menu: Android used to let you pin your most frequently used apps to the share sheet, but that option was removed in Android 10. Now it’s back and there will even be a little pin icon next to the apps you’ve pinned so you know what’s up.
- Enhanced notification shade conversations: When you get a text, you can see the most recent message in your notification shade under a new Conversations tab. Not only will you be able to see more of the thread but you’ll also have richer ways to compose messages, including a way to send picture messages right from the notification. Notifications will also look a lot more organized thanks to a revamp of how they look.
- Upgraded Voice Access capabilities: Previously, Android’s Voice Access labeled all the actions on the screen with a number, allowing you to call out the number to perform said action. Now, Android 11 can read what’s on your screen and let you say the action instead, being a rather cool accessibility upgrade. An example shown by The Verge‘s Dieter Bohn includes saying “Instagram” to launch the app rather than saying the corresponding number.
Features Android 11 hints at
- Scrolling screenshots could be coming: It’s not active in the second Android 11 beta, but it looks like Google will finally bring scrolling screenshot support to Android!
- Reverse wireless charging for Pixel 5? In Android 11’s settings, you’ll find a feature called Battery Share. This could mean Google is prepping reverse wireless charging for the Pixel 5.
- Multi-colored Quick Settings icons: Through some ADB commands, it turns out you can change the colors of individual Quick Settings icons. This could just be a weird aspect of Android 11 or it could be a sign that Google is testing a UI-based way for users to do this.
- Drop detection: As discovered by XDA’s Mishaal Rahman, the Android 11 Beta 2 brings a pre-installed app on the Google Pixel 4 called Device Drop Monitor. This app reportedly detects when the phone is dropped and records the free-fall duration and acceleration. Users are also presented with a survey after the app detects that the device has been dropped. This survey asks about how far the device fell, on what surface, and if there was a case on the phone. Once the answers are registered, users are shown a message telling them that their inputs will help the design of future Pixel devices. We’re not sure if Google is working on a new drop-detection feature for its phones or if it’s looking to make sturdier devices in the future through this feature.
- App exit reasons updates: Google updated the exit reasons API, allowing developers to request details surrounding their app’s recent exits. Apps can exit for many reasons, including crashes. This update helps developers get a better understanding of their app’s stability and how to improve its performance.
- ADB incremental installations: Installing large (2GB or larger) APKs using ADB can be a slow process. In Android 11, developers can load these APKs onto devices up to 10x faster thanks to incremental APK installations. It works by installing enough of the APK to launch the app while streaming the remaining data in the background. This is particularly useful for developers working on mobile games. It only works on Pixel 4 devices as of DP3, but handsets that launch with Android 11 will also tout this feature.
- Wireless debugging improvements: ADB debugging over Wi-Fi has been completely revamped. Developers don’t need a cable to setup Wireless Debugging, and it remembers previous connections for faster workflows. Developers can use a pairing code to get started with Wireless Debugging, but Google plans to add QR code syncing in an upcoming Android Studio release.
- A new memory safety tool: Google added GWP-ASan as another way to help developers find and fix memory safety issues. GWP-ASan is a sampling allocation tool that detects heap memory errors with minimal impact on performance. It runs by default in platform binaries and system apps, and developers can enable it for their own apps as well.
- Improved data access auditing: Data access auditing lets developers better understand how their apps access user information. Google renamed several of the APIs for this, so developers will need to watch out for these changes if they already use them.
- Better support for curved/waterfall displays: Curved screens look great, but they can often be a little annoying to use. This is because apps and things like keyboards spill over the edges, making it tough to interact with these elements. Now, Google is offering an API (similar to the notch/cutout API), letting developers specify the interactive area of a screen.
- New technologies: Android 11 is going to be much better when it comes to working with new technologies, including 5G, foldable displays, and low-latency video decoding for game streaming services such as Google Stadia. There will also be better call screening support, deeper integration of image formats such as HEIF, and support for Google’s own neural networks API.
- Scoped storage: In the interest of better security, apps will now only have access to certain parts of your filesystem. This will essentially “silo” apps to better protect your private data. This is a huge change for Android and is causing quite a stir in the development community. Google acknowledges those issues in its blog post on Android 11, saying it will give more time to developers to fully transition to the new system.
- Update: Google has paused plans for this rollout in Android 11 until at least 2021. Read all about this change here.
- Enhancements for Project Mainline: Android 10 introduced the ability to update parts of Android right through the Play Store. Android 11 will take this even further by allowing even more parts of Android to get updates without needing to send out a full OTA.
- 5G state API: Developers can now quickly check whether a user is currently connected on a 5G New Radio or Non-Standalone network.
- Call screening service improvements: Google is adding new APIs to let call-screening apps do more to keep calls from bugging users. These apps will now be able to report a call rejection reason, as well as see if a call is being made to or from a number in the user’s contacts.
- Synchronized IME transitions: Google is introducing a new set of APIs that let you sync your app’s content with the onscreen keyboard and system bars as they animate on and offscreen. This will hopefully allow devs to create more natural, intuitive, and “jank-free” IME transitions.
- Variable refresh rate: In Android 11, apps and games can now set a preferred frame rate for each window. On devices with variable refresh rates, the system will now use the app’s preferred frame rate to choose the best refresh rate for the app. You can read more about this new API here.
- Resume on reboot: Scheduled overnight OTA software updates can be a tricky thing, but Android 11 is improving the process. In Developer Preview 2, resume on reboot lets applications access Credential Encrypted (CE) storage after the OTA reboot without the user needing to unlock the device first. This means apps can resume normal functionality and receive messages right away.
Keep in mind there are tons of other updates out there that are far more technical in nature that the general user will never see. However, many new features will likely pop up in future beta versions between now and the stable launch of Android 11. Stay tuned!